Human and animal diseases – proof that it’s not always good to share
Researchers at the University of Liverpool are building the world’s most comprehensive database describing human and animal pathogens, which can be used to prevent and tackle disease outbreaks around the globe.
The Enhanced Infectious Diseases (EID2) database has been developed by the Liverpool University Climate and Infectious Diseases of Animals (LUCINDA) team and is funded by a BBSRC Strategic Tools and Resources Development Fund grant.
Mapping the relationships between human and animal diseases, disease-causing pathogens and the ways in which these pathogens are spread can offer huge benefits when it comes to knowing what the disease risks are in a population or geographical area, and how best to manage and eliminate them.
Image one: This shows the relationship between diseases of domestic animal and human host species, based on information currently in the database. The size of the circles represents the number of pathogen species found for each host; the arrows linking these circles represent the number of pathogen species shared by each pair of hosts (the thicker the arrow, the greater the number of pathogen species they share); and the colour of the circles is related to the type of host (humans, other mammals, birds, rodents). Copyright: Dr Maya Wardeh, LUCINDA team
Image 2: This image shows the number and types of pathogens found in EU countries. The size of each circle is proportional to the number of pathogen species and the different coloured circles represent: bacteria (greenish yellow), fungi (red), helminths (purple blue), protozoa (orange), and viruses (blue).
Copyright: Dr Maya Wardeh, LUCINDA team
For more information go to: http://www.bbsrc.ac.uk/news/health/2014/140711-f-dig-data-approach-mapping-disease.aspx